On the 29th of November 1947 the UN assembly decided on the devision of the Mandatory Palestine and the establishment of two independent states in the territory- a Jewish state and an Arab state. The war that started a day afterwards, will be referred to as the “War of Independence” by Israelis and as “Nakba” (catastrophe) by Palestinians. As a result of the Jewish military victory, the state of Israel was established and about 800,000 Palestinians lost their homes and became refugees.
The uprising of the second Intifada in 2000 marked a milestone in the formation of a new type of struggle in Israel and Palestine. The failure of the Oslo Accords resulted in the entrenchment of nationalism across Israel and a political shift to the right, including within the so-called “Peace Camp”. This left a void in the Israeli left-wing, and within this a new radical left began to grow. At the same time, widespread popular struggle and resistance erupt across the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
In 2007, a new wave of African refugees began arriving in Israel. Most come from Sudan and Eritrea, areas of genocide and on-going conflict. In Israel they lack legal status or support, and are frequently arrested or left to live on the streets. Often refugees are accused of being “enemies” of Israel, citizens of countries such as Sudan, with which Israel has no official relationship.
At the end of 2004, the Palestinian village of Bil''''in received a note from the Israeli army, which announced the beginning of the construction of the Separation Barrier. After already having lost large amounts of their lands to Israel, the planned construction of the barrier would further annex approximately 60% of the village land and thereby enable the expansion of the settlement of Mattityahu.
The global economy crisis became noticeable also in Israel. Many factories found themselves under the threat of shutting down, while workers facing layoffs without any option of finding a new job.
Early this morning police raided the unrecognized Bedouin village of al-Arakib in the Negev, destroyed all 40 of its houses, and evicted more than 300 residents. The residents, mostly children, were left homeless.